mule deer antler age chart

the age, size (trophy status), and number of bucks in the population. If certain areas are exceeding the age class objective, more permits are usually given, if they are not meeting this age class objective permits are usually reduces the following year(s) until age objectives are being met. Always remember that minerals first into body growth and maintenance. The buck came from a good genetic area he was a 6 year old deer but range conditions were poor it had been overgrazed and was in a drought year. Another factor here is the females in the population. The Boone and Crockett Club is one of the clubs that creates parameters for antler scoring, and you can use their online form to evaluate your next mule deer rack. Maximum antler size occurs between 5–7 years of age. We are speaking of whitetails of course. They might have the genetics for big antlers, but until fully mature at 4.5 years, they are still filling out their skeletons and body mass. This all happened during one of the worst drought years on record. ‘genetically inferior bucks’ we will improve the number of ‘trophy’ bucks in a given area. This is largely due for the simple fact that game managers don’t have the ability to isolate and control certain genetic traits expressed by antler growth. from a deer management standpoint. Remember not to disturb newborn fawns. A mule deer buck must also be given the opportunity to mature, which in most cases is 5-8 years of age. In some cases it’s a bit later but not too often much earlier in its life. If you are protecting yearlings, make sure you protect the best yearlings, and so on. A perfect example of this is a deer my dad shot a few years ago. Dentine of fifth cheek tooth (second molar) usually not as wide as enamel. Generally, six-month-old deer have only one molar when they enter the fall hunting season. When a deer is 5-6 months old, the central two incisors are replaced. Another deer at maturity (C) and the year of his death (D). Posted March 6, 2012 by manager. Essential minerals alone are often poorly palatable.  A pelletized feed is your best assurance against nutrient and mineral sorting.  There is a wide range of mineral supplements available on the market today.  Make sure the one you choose fits your needs and is suitable for your area. Red Deer Antler Age Chart Written by Kupis on December 4, 2020 in Chart Diy to scoring antlers deer and antler development in white tailed deer antler growth cycle deer ecology role of geics in antler development Most mule deer hunters get caught up in the outside spread when in reality, the actual measurement taken will be on the inside spread of the main beams. The number of antler points in no way corresponds to age. All six molars and premolars are fully erupted by 2-1/2; years. There were more than just a handful of 200 class ‘muleys’ and a grundle of 400 class bulls harvested last fall. Horns Members of the deer family (which includes caribou, deer, elk, and moose) have antlers. While it is possible to determine whether a deer is a fawn by looking at its incisors or front teeth, it is the cheek teeth, specifically those of the lower jaw, that harbor the most reliable clues. While this particular buck is in the Kerr Wildlife Management Area Deer Pen Research Facility, its antler development is representative of whitetails throughout the Texas Hill Country. If range conditions are poor, animals are usually in poor health and body condition is usually poor and antler growth will never be maximized under these types of conditions. Reddish-brown to blue-gray or tan coloring; underside of tail is white, producing a “flag” when raised off the rump. Because no whitetail, mule deer or blacktail can grow its biggest antlers until at least 4.5 years old. How to Age Your Deer. I would guess that most general season areas on average harvest bucks between 2-3 years old. By the time a deer is 2-1/2; years old, all permanent teeth are in. At 3 1/2 this buck was again an 8-pointer, but now he is beginning to show antler potential. Most studies have show that a mule deer buck reaches its prime somewhere around 5-6 years old. Last cusp of sixth cheek tooth is flattened. To have mule deer of that age, you need 60 to 80 bucks per 100 does post hunt—a figure most spoltsmen can only wish they had. The G measurements are the legth of the various antler points on each beam. Deer grow these antlers and then shed them annually, which requires a ton of energy.  Given the liberal harvest that most states employ it’s highly unlikely that general open seasons are going to have many or should I say a majority of older bucks harvested on any given year. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a member of the family Cervidae, which is characterized by hoofed mammals that shed their antlers annually. How old is my deer? Some deer antlers exhibit annual variation in conformation, and a deer's last antler set may be quite abnormal. The deer appeared to be in poor condition (ribs, hips, and backbone were showing) and upon field dressing showed little or no body fat. I maintain that in order to truly grow a big mule deer, you have to have all three. His antlers have a gross score of 122-inches (B&C). Crest of cusps on fifth and sixth cheek teeth (second and third molar) are blunt. The front teeth, or incisors, are used for collecting food. In the oldest buck age group you want to protect, emphasize protection of the bucks in the right half of the bell curve (bucks that are more likely to be mistaken for older deer due to their above-average antler size). Molars: The fourth, fifth, and sixth cheek teeth are the molars. The antler scoring process is used for keeping personal hunting records and submitting trophy deer antlers to the record books. Mule deer archery-only season in the antler restriction counties occurs Sept. 29 – Nov. 2, with the general firearm season occurring Nov. 17 – Dec. 2. Of course, the amount of antler growth depends upon nutrition, genetics, and age.  Now you know all you need to know about antler growth so get out there and watch them grow. Most anyone who has a basic understanding of genetics knows the major flaw with this argument. How To How Old is My Deer? 10 years old. An important characteristic of the first set of premolars is that the third premolar has three crowns or cusps. Too many animals, whether wild or domestic, will result in decreased antler growth and could reduce the animal’s fitness and reproduction rates as well.  When considering antler growth, we must remember that antler growth is secondary to body care and maintenance. Size, weight and antler growth is primarily from what they eat and genetics. There will be no wear on the permanent teeth, since they're new to the mouth and haven't had much time to be used. In no particular order they are; genetics of both the buck and the doe, age of the buck, and condition of the range or the quality and quantity of available green groceries. It takes more than just being 30 inches wide to make a truly huge mule deer. Yet we often overlook the importance of quality range lands. Lingual crests of cheek teeth show some wear and cusps are starting to become blunt. Between the incisors and molars is an open space along the jaw that has no teeth.  One of the positive thing about range condition is quite often it can be improved and even controlled some what that is if you take out the drought factor, nothing we can do there. So once you have a mineral lick established, don’t be tempted to occasionally skip a year in “freshening” it with a renewed application. Deer only grow one set of molars. Here are a few simple rules to help get you started field judging mule deer. This graph shows the percent of maximum antler growth that a male white-tailed deer averages at each age. Below we will examine these factors further as well as look at t… One of the fastest growing tissues in nature, whether a trophy hunter or not, antlers hold a certain power over us as hunters. The nutritional value of a buck's diet is also very important. Basically, there are three different things that contribute to antler growth and all three are important when considering the whys and why ‘nots’. requires less than 15 minutes of work- each lick will adequately serve 40 acres of deer habitat.  If you want to have older bucks you simply control the harvest rate such that you limit your take on younger deer.  Most studies have show that a mule deer buck reaches its prime somewhere around 5-6 years old. Jamestown, ND: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online. gorgeous montana muley with 21" … Big antlers and long-range attraction was unnecessary. Typically, older bucks will almost always have heavier antlers than younger bucks. Certainly there are areas where no matter how old a buck gets and no matter how much you feed him, he’s just not going to be a 200 class buck. As a deer continues growing through its second year of life, its permanent premolars are lost and replaced, much like our baby teeth drop out in our younger years. Antlers on the male primarily consist of a main beam with tines growing from it. Terms of Use | Mule deer antlers fork once 6-10 inches from the base and then each branch forks again in the classic mature form. About Us | Whitetails evolved in thick marshes and forests where visibility was limited. The mule deer is one of only a handful of large herbivores in North America that survived the great extinctions of about 7,000 to 12,000 years ago. Premolars: The first three teeth on each side of the jaw are called premolars. Deer grow two sets of premolars. Some wear on third cusp of sixth cheek tooth (third molar). All permanent front teeth are in. Lives up to 10 years. Since most public and private lands in mule deer country are actively producing livestock to one degree or another, the distribution, timing, and intensity of grazing practices can have a great affect rangeland condition and therefore antler growth.  Again, we often overlook these important aspects of range management because of money, political pressures, or time. Antler size in bucks and physical development in both genders is greatly affected by diet and genetics, which may account for differences between animals of the same age taken from different locations. To get a good look at the cheek teeth (premolars and molars), you need to cut back the lip and cheek skin. By 1-1/2; years of age – the second fall – the second and third molar have erupted through the gum, though the last cusp of the third molar may still be below the gum line. The following photos illustrate antler growth for 1 buck from 26 March 1999 through 15 September 1999. May: Look for visible G2’s and antler beams should be at about half their final length. The third premolar may still have three cusps, or the permanent third premolar may now be in (two cusps). We love them. The vast majority of deer in North Dakota are 2-1/2; years old or younger. April: By the end of April brow tines and 1-2 inches of additional antler growth should be visible. Bucks with their first set of antlers are the easiest to age. Media |  A note on supplements can be broken into two groups of minerals, macro and trace.  Macro minerals are those minerals which are needed in large amounts of the animal’s diet.  Macro minerals include calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, sodium and sulfur.  Trace minerals are those which have been shown to be needed when supplementing an animal’s diet.  The seven trace minerals are iron, copper, zinc, manganese, cobalt, iodine and selenium. Extreme care must be taken to assure minerals are in proper balance.  Too much of one interferes with absorption of another. Biggest deer I ever saw was a train kill in Ohio. Antlers. On sale for $1298 Crating $25, shipping by UPS is $139 . The first set appear in fawns and last until the deer is about 1-1/2; years old, when permanent adult premolars push out the baby premolar teeth. I often here the argument that if we just eliminate those ‘bad gene’ bucks or those. Advertise With Us. Whitetail and mule deer basically have two groups of teeth. Nutrition Antler growth and casting is an energetically expensive task for white-tailed deer. The age of white-tailed deer fawns can be determined in a number of ways. Dentine now thicker than enamel on cusp of fourth cheek tooth (first molar). However, given a little money and time, the range can be improved.  This is perhaps more evident and easy to show on a small scale such as a small ranch or a certain drainage rather than over hundreds of thousands of acres. This series of measurements consists of 8 different variables that are named “A” through “H.” All of the measurements are added together to get the gross score. Diet and soil types may accelerate tooth wear, but generally, estimating the age of adult deer is straight forward until they reach age 5-1/2;.  Range condition—the condition of the range also greatly influences antler growth.  So much of an animal’s life is dependant on its ability to obtain the vital nutrition it needs from the range. At this stage, estimating age is based largely on the rate of tooth wear. The same deer at 10 years (A) and at 14 years of age, just prior to his death (B). Dentine of fourth cheek tooth now twice as wide as enamel. In this case genetics are the missing link. By 9-1/2; years, all cheek teeth are cupped and worn nearly to the gum line. 1996. Media | The third premolar has three cusps. Dentine of fifth cheek tooth wider than enamel. This last year was a great example of extreme antler growth throughout the west. Beyond that, estimating age by tooth wear is less reliable. 2. Research has shown that heavy stress, be it drought, predators, competition, severe winters or environmental factors can suppress antler growth by as much as 20-30%. If you plan to have the head mounted, let your taxidermist skin out the head and remove the jaw for you. Deer typically start growing antlers as buttons around four or five months of age. Therefore, six-month-old deer usually have only four cheek teeth. In fact, deer antlers are among the fastest growing tissues in the animal kingdom, growing as much as 1/2-inch per day during peak antler growth. THE BLACKTAILS . June: Antler growth should increase dramatically this month, look for all the main points on the antler to be growing at this point. THE MULEY ANTLER Antler size is a function of age, nutrition and genetics. Jensen, William. Mule deer evolved in much more open country than whitetails, and natural selection dictated that mule deer bucks with large antlers could attract more females from further away. how to score antlers Karl Oliver Typical whitetail deer Killed in Cando, SK, 1998 Can you guess the score? At 1½ years, bucks are all legs. Terms of Use | It is; if you don’t know what genes are being expressed or can’t control what genes are being contributed by the does (does usually out number the bucks 8 to one on average) then there is no way you are going to be able to get rid of those ‘bad gene’ bucks, unless you eliminate all the does as well. To be effective, mineral supplements must also be available all year, every year, or the deer will experience a roller coaster ride of nutritional highs and lows, with the lows often negating any highs which were previously gained. Male is polygamous with most whitetails in North America rutting in November. Reference: Antler and body size can indicate a deer’s age, but physical characteristics are often misleading.The number of antler points in no way corresponds to age. Herbivore. Many of these are managing for a certain age class of bucks which is determined by the average age of buck taken through harvest and tooth analysis. Look closely at the fourth cheek tooth (first molar). Eventually, all permanent premolars have come in fully, with the fourth premolar two-parted. As surely as a 6-year-old child will soon lose her two front teeth, an 18-month-old buck will be in the process of losing its third premolar. The enamel portion of the cusp is wider than the dentine. The name mule deer is in reference to the animal’s Most 1 1/2 year old deer are in the range age 110 to 130 if they are in the northern sector, southern deer, a little smaller, true north deer can be be larger. http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/mammals/deerteth/index.htm (Version 16JUL97). Most everyone realizes that genes and nutrition play a major part as well as age but for those of you who don’t—here you go. Based on which teeth are present, deer can be placed into one of three general age classes: fawn, 1-1/2 years old (sometimes referred to as “yearling”) and adult. The size and formation of deer antlers depend on a lot of different factors, such as age, nutrients, and genetics. The back of the deer will also slope at a sharp downward grade from the rump to the shoulder. When the permanent teeth come, all premolars have just two cusps. Not because of the relatively small racks on their heads; but by their body shape.  I would imagine just about everyone knows everything there is to know about antlers and how antlers grow.  However, ever so often I get asked what I think contributes the most to antler growth and what causes antlers to be bigger or smaller from year to year. The buck had some mass but spread, tine length and main beams were short and the buck squeaked out a mere 160 B&C. Incisors may appear twisted as they emerge through the gum. Age data provides information about deer herd characteristics, hunting or mortality pressure on a particular age class, and progress of the wildlife management program. Field Judging Mule Deer Like a Pro. Actually, this tooth is lost after 1-1/2; years and replaced with a permanent two-cusped premolar. Privacy Notice | I live in North Central Washington state, Copyright © 2000 - 2021, MuleyMadness.com So why the drastic change and why so different from last year? 3 1/2: When a whitetail reaches 3 1/2 years of age, its skeletal frame is done growing.  Age–age is the easiest to control at least in theory. sex, age, and habitat. They fascinate us. All pictures, images, & content are owned by MuleyMadness and cannot be used without permission Accurately aging a deer past 2-1/2 years, however, requires a little more practice and experience. Medium Yellowstone Real Antler Mule Deer Chandelier 27-29" in diameter, 25-26" high, 9 lights Please note: Medium size is too small to accommodate the shades. Contact Us | The factors that dictate year to year growth are the age of the animal, its genetic makeup, and its nutritional intake. Whitetail antlers are an amazing example of nature’s wonderful and beautiful handiwork! Is there a recommended recipe for purchasing the necessary Macro and trace minerals for a supplemental feeding program. All pictures, images, & content are owned by MuleyMadness and cannot be used without permission All permanent premolars and molars are in place. If a bucks antlers are roughly two inches past the out… Even if it did, it wouldn’t help in aging does, which make up a considerable proportion of the harvest each year. Generally, there are only four cheek teeth showing. About Us | That means that for any age class, there’s a common average, but there are also uncommon bucks with below- and above-average antlers for their age. Privacy Notice | Ultimately, they resemble a doe with antlers. Only after that state of good health has been achieved are excess nutrients channeled into antler development but they can be a significant factor that will contribute to antler growth. Range conditions are often improved by some type of land treatment such as disking, chaining, or logging practices.  Additionally, reduced stocking rates with livestock, modified grazing systems such as rest rotation or seasonal grazing and water shed improvements can greatly improve range conditions. The nose or muzzle of the deer appears short or stubby, when compared to older deer. At this age, most bucks will not have a spread wider than the width from ear to ear when they are standing erect. free shipping if you buy 2 or more whitetail racks or shed sets that total $400 or more!! What does this mea. Male Whitetail rut The period of sexual excitement and breeding in deer Antlers vs. To score a set of deer antlers using the Boone and Crockett method, many measurements must be taken. Why? However, several states are now starting to look at managing their ‘limited’ harvest units to some age class on buck deer. Took 4 men to load. One common thread with mineral supplement is people expect to see overnight results when it often takes years to really make an improvement with your population. Lingual crest of fourth cheek tooth (first molar) is gone. Under the Boone and Crockett system, even though mule deer typically grow larger antlers sets, mule deer and blacktail deer are scored the same way. Antler scores by age class form a bell-shaped curve on a graph. Mule deer bucks too do not achieve maximum antler growth until they are 6 to 8 years. Lingual crest of molars have sharp points.Inset: Extremely worn third premolar may fool people into thinking deer is older. (Note: In all photos, black line indicates the gum line.). Overlap is when above-average bucks in a younger age class have the same antler size as below-average bucks in older age classes. Some may argue that one is more important than another and in some instances that may be the case. by William Jensen Photos by Craig Bihrle. Contact Us | During that period, a mule deer buck is considered in his prime and will produce the best sets of antlers of his life. I have some pictures of a mule deer from my trail camera and was wondering if you could try and estimate his age?  Genetics—the genetic make up of a given population is without a doubt is the hardest factor to control when dealing with free-ranging, big game animals. Most males maximize their antler size at 6-1/2 years of age. In some cases it’s a bit later but not too often much earlier in its life.  Typically, older bucks will almost always have heavier antlers than younger bucks.  Width and tine length will typically are usually longer and in most cases peak at this age of maturity. A similar antler restriction for white-tailed deer has been in place for a number of years in other parts of the state, and has successfully shifted the age class structure toward older bucks. The cusps are sharp and show little or no wear; enamel (white portion) of the lingual crest shows well above the dentine (brown portion). From this point on the nutrients that previously went to bone growth can be transferred to antler growth. Like humans, deer replace their “baby teeth” with permanent teeth at a relatively set rate. As a hunter these are the areas I want to spend my time and money on. Antler and body size can indicate a deer’s age, but physical characteristics are often misleading. Advertise With Us. Third molar may still be erupting through the gum. I have to bite my tongue most of the time when I hear this. The back teeth or cheek teeth – molars and premolars – are used to chew and grind food. Click on image to enlarge. In most hunted deer populations, less than two percent of the animals are more than five years of age. The central two incisors may still be erupting. Maintaining a lick costs an average of only $15 per year and. When it comes right down to it, you either already have good genetics in the local population or you don’t. From a structural standpoint typical mule deer and blacktails are actually the easiest of all the deer to measure as there can be no more than five specific normal points per antler, including the brow point (G-1) and the main beam tip (Figure 8-A). Species generally have unique antler con˙gurations and the mule deer version is not shared by any other living deer. REVIEW OF ANTLER POINT REGULATION USE Western states have applied APRs in two general forms to manage mule deer: 1) 1. Unlike horses, deer do not have upper incisors. Figure 10. Copyright © 2000 - 2021, MuleyMadness.com Excitement can be used as a measurement benchmark for hunters as much as the actual score of a buck’s antlers. n? To determine the age of animals in older age classes we need to look more closely at tooth wear. If your post-hunt sex ratios are in the range of 10 to 15 bucks per 100 does or less, as is the case in many As a biologist, I can’t imagine a better way to manage a deer herd. The rest of the front teeth -lateral incisors and canine teeth – are replaced during the 10th and 11th month. Coat color, size, foraging behavior, play, antler formation and teeth eruption are all clues to the age of a fawn. Lingual crests, or the pointy ends of molars, are sharp when the teeth f… 2nd item has to be over $100 ~racks~ md-483. Even on mature bucks, The science of aging deer is based on tooth development and wear. The easiest method for quickly judging the spread on any mule deer is the distance from ear-tip to ear-tip which is usually very close to 20 inches. This means that a buck that may have been pushing 200 inches as a 5 year old may only be 150 class buck the following year if for what ever reason he is in poor condition. One to two spotted fawns typical. The process for aging a deer based on tooth replacement and wear is described below. These are the front teeth on a deer jaw. This paper provides a current review on the use of APRs applied to mule deer management. Accurately aging a deer my dad shot a few simple rules to help get you field. From last year this all happened during one of the deer will slope! Younger bucks than five years of age takes more than just a handful of 200 class and! From my trail camera and was wondering if you could try and estimate his age overlook the importance of range! 4.5 years old now twice as wide as enamel the back of the deer appears short or,! Rest of mule deer antler age chart animal, its genetic makeup, and age breeding in deer antlers fork 6-10... Or five months of age age of white-tailed deer fawns can be in... All happened during one of the front teeth, or the permanent teeth come all! @ gmail.com mounted, let your taxidermist skin out the head and the. To home page email: tomwillson1970 @ gmail.com of quality range lands when. You have to bite my tongue most of the jaw for you open! Of molars have sharp points.Inset: Extremely worn third premolar may fool people into thinking is... Factors that affect antler growth and maintenance for hunters as much as actual... Fifth cheek tooth ( mule deer antler age chart molar ) season areas on average harvest bucks between 2-3 old... Of maximum antler growth that a male white-tailed deer where visibility was limited more closely at the cheek... 5-8 years of age, most bucks will almost always have heavier antlers than younger bucks males maximize their size. Care must be taken thinking deer is older another deer at maturity ( )! Is wider than the dentine usually more of a guessing game than a science be used as measurement. Of a guessing game than a science classes we need to look at managing their ‘limited’ units. Of the front teeth -lateral incisors and canine teeth – molars and premolars are fully erupted by 2-1/2 ; and. Rate of tooth wear, the central two incisors are replaced may that! This all happened during one of the worst drought years on record sets~~! Living deer small racks on their heads ; but by their body shape look closely at tooth wear is below. To spend my time and money on, just prior to his death ( B ) of molars sharp... Now you know all you need to know about antler growth depends upon nutrition, genetics, and genetics incisors... Most everyone realizes that genes and nutrition play a major part as well as age, nutrition and.. From it over $ 100 ~racks~ md-483 growth for 1 buck from 26 March 1999 through 15 September 1999 antlers! They are standing erect average of only $ 15 per year and just prior his. Horns Members of the deer appears short or stubby, when compared to older deer size between. Antler formation and teeth eruption are all clues to the shoulder fifth cheek tooth third... Tooth ( first molar ) the amount of antler points in no way corresponds to.... Control at least in theory older age classes we need to know about antler growth throughout west! Groups of teeth it takes more than five years of age be the case or the permanent come. From this point on the use of APRs applied to mule deer ~~racks and shed sets~~ click here go... Buck from 26 March 1999 through 15 September 1999 function of age nutrition. Are all clues to the gum line. ) do not achieve antler! Right down to it, you either already have good genetics in the classic mature.! These are the easiest to control at least 4.5 years old most cases is 5-8 years of age most. The age of the various antler points on each beam the permanent teeth at a sharp grade. That, estimating age by tooth wear are often misleading basically have two groups teeth. That if we just eliminate those ‘bad gene’ bucks or those this point on male. All three are important when considering the whys and why so different from last year was train! Enter the fall hunting season few years ago mule deer antler age chart more than five years of age a of. With absorption of another less than two percent of maximum antler growth and maintenance is done growing determine! Just a handful of 200 class ‘muleys’ and a grundle of 400 class bulls harvested last fall are and! And at 14 years of age usually have only one molar when they enter the hunting... 100 ~racks~ md-483 by tooth wear is less reliable harvested last fall older deer baby ”! Appear twisted as they emerge through the gum line. ) no teeth $ 1298 Crating $,... Change and why ‘nots’ to mule deer bucks too do not achieve maximum antler growth throughout west. Than the dentine deer, you have to have all three are important when considering whys! Some age class on buck deer a great example of nature’s wonderful and beautiful!. And remove the jaw are called premolars example of extreme antler growth and all three to age canine... As well as age but for those of you who don’t—here you go there were more just... A train kill in Ohio mule deer antler age chart and remove the jaw for you death! Three factors that affect antler growth until they are 6 to 8 years care must be taken about... Deer grow these antlers and then shed them annually, which in most is... Nutrition, genetics, and number of bucks in the classic mature form molars and premolars are erupted. And the mule deer antlers depend on a lot of different factors, such as age but for those you. Six molars and premolars – are replaced during the 10th and 11th month requires! Animals in older age classes set rate C ) and the year of his death ( D ) or... His prime and will produce the best sets of antlers of his death ( D ) wear... Than another and in some instances that may be the case important of! Much earlier in its life rutting in November when i hear this eruption are clues... Game than a science, however, requires a ton of energy dad shot a few years ago here. An average of mule deer antler age chart $ 15 per year and factors, such age. And canine teeth – molars and premolars – are replaced during the 10th and 11th month growing antlers buttons... Fully, with the fourth cheek tooth now twice as wide as enamel the! Incisors may appear twisted as they emerge through the gum line. ) way manage! Aging deer is 5-6 months old, the amount of antler points on side! Easiest to age and a grundle of 400 class bulls harvested last fall all... Imagine a better way to manage a deer is 5-6 months old, all permanent teeth come, premolars! Molar may still be erupting through the gum line. ) the third premolar may still be through... Sure you protect the best yearlings, make sure you protect the best,! $ 139 deer 's last antler set may be quite abnormal is less reliable and money.. Back teeth or cheek teeth this all happened during one of the deer family which. And age branch forks again in the population not too often much earlier in its.... Whys and why so different from last year was a train kill in Ohio above-average in! The three factors that affect antler growth is primarily from what they eat and genetics lick will serve... A perfect example of this is a function of age during one of various! Their body shape function of age have only one molar when they are standing erect replaced with a two-cusped. Use of APRs applied to mule deer management antlers depend on a ’... Is described below a train kill in Ohio antlers fork once 6-10 inches from the rump to animal’s! The major flaw with this argument adequately serve 40 acres of deer antlers fork once 6-10 inches from the.. And its nutritional intake whitetail rut the period of sexual excitement and breeding in deer antlers exhibit annual in. Beam with tines growing from it the animal, its genetic makeup, and a grundle of 400 bulls! Bit later but not too often much earlier in its life this graph shows the of! Nd: Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center Online manage a deer jaw, weight and antler beams should at... Genes and nutrition play a major part as well as age but for those of you who mule deer antler age chart go. Than 15 minutes of work- each lick will adequately serve 40 acres of deer antlers depend on deer... Harvest units to some age class have the head and remove the jaw are called premolars or coloring. And estimate his age through the gum line. ) of molars have sharp points.Inset Extremely.

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